Institutional Corruption in the Health Sector and Role of Administration: A Case Study of Pakistan


  • Umer Ahmed Ph.D. Scholar, Institute of Business Administration, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan
  • Hafiz Syed Mohsin Abbas Assistant Professor, School of Governance and Society, University of Management and Technology, Lahore.



Healthcare System (HCS), Corruption and Transparency, Governance, Government of Pakistan


Quality of Healthcare and corruption eradication are the two vital Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It states that transparent institutional performance supports the quality of public services. This study explores the HealthCare System regarding facilities, human resources, and governance in Pakistan's corruption and transparency of public services (healthcare). This descriptive and theoretical study has used longitudinal data from 2008 to 2020 for analysis and discussion. Transparency International Pakistan's (TIP) healthcare corruption variables surveyed in 2010, inadequate healthcare facilities, inadequate hospital beds, and hospital mismanagement, have been taken under consideration. The analysis shows that the HCS has been showing uneven progress toward eradicating corruption. It further states that institutional governance has deteriorated with time in Pakistan. However, despite low resources, and institutional accountability failures, HealthCare System has shown marginal improvement in Pakistan. This study concludes that the Government of Pakistan (GOP) should focus on health budget allocation and human resource training and counseling to improve HCS standards. Moreover, healthcare quality and service delivery will help Pakistan combat COVID-19 and other future health crises. Furthermore, GOP should achieve healthcare and institutional sustainability by using prudent corruption control and institutional enhancement measures.