Political Polarization and Challenges of National Integration in Pakistan


  • Wasem Ishaque Assistant Professor, Director Area Study Center (China), National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Mudassir Mukhtar Associate Professor, HOD Media and Communication Studies, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Rida Tanvir Lecturer Department of International Relations, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan




Key Words: Political Polarization, National Harmony, National Integration


National integration and national identity have engulfed Pakistani society since its establishment. Traditionally, the society has remained divided along religious, ethnic, linguistic, and provincial lines. However, political developments of the last decade have added a new dimension, which has divided society into political lines. The disturbing aspect of evolving trends in the injection of violence in our political behavior and culture is weakening the very foundations of the Pakistani nation and the state alike.  I want to argue that the rhetoric of eliminating the opponents by violent means and propagating the blood revolution across the streets of Pakistan is easier said than done, has degenerated our society already overwhelmed by a lack of basic amenities like education, health, and employment, etc. Lust for power at all costs has dented our national values and identity. This article investigates the rising trends of political intolerance and suggests a course of action for strengthening national integration.