Socioeconomic Classes of University Students in Pakistan as Predictors of their Personality Traits: A Case Study


  • Rafaqat Ali Assistant Professor, Department of Education, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan, Bahawalnagar Campus,
  • Furrukh Bashir Assistant Professor, School of Economics, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan
  • Rashid Ahmad Assistant Professor, School of Economics, B. Z. University, Multan



Socioeconomic Class immobility, Personality immobility, Academic Performance, Five Factor Personality Model, Middle Upper Socioeconomic Class, Lower Socioeconomic Class


The current study was heading for determining the impact of Pakistani university students’ socioeconomic classes on their personality traits. Demographic and personality questionnaires were filled by available university students online. The stepwise regression technique facilitated to generate regression models to define impacts of different socioeconomic classes on students’ different personality traits. Different regression models highlighted the significant negative impacts of the middle upper socioeconomic class on Agreeableness, Extraversion and Neuroticism personality traits. The lower socioeconomic class was found to have positive impact on only one personality sub-trait self-discipline. Whereas, the upper lower socioeconomic class caused positive impacts on students’ trust sub-trait, Conscientiousness trait and negative impact on excitement seeking sub-trait of personality. The importance of these impacts of socioeconomic classes on different personality traits and the possible implications are discussed with respect to university students’ academic performance and academic behaviour.